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Type 1 Diabetes Treatments

Type 1 Diabetes Treatments

This condition cannot be prevented, but it is important that it is diagnosed as early as possible for the patient to begin treatment soon.

It is not a curable disease, however, with the right management program, one can live a long healthy life. The treatment involves keeping the blood glucose as close to normal as possible all the time and controlling the symptoms.

Daily Insulin Injections

Since the patient’s body cannot produce insulin, they will require insulin injections regularly to help keep their blood glucose at a normal level and avail the glucose for cellular use. Once diagnosed, the diabetes care team will teach you how to manage the injections.

The patient is also taught on ways to match their food intake, exercises, and insulin use to get it right. There are different forms of insulin injections with each working differently. There are some which will last the whole day, others will work for up to eight hours and there are those which acts rapidly.

You may need to use a combination of different types to keep your glucose level normal. Insulin shots of today are almost painless due to the smaller needles in use. It cannot be taken as a pill since insulin will get digested by the stomach acids and enzymes, therefore, rendering it useless.

With time, the amount of insulin you need will change, especially due to lifestyle changes and healthy habits.

Inhaled Insulin

You can use Afrezza, a rapid-acting insulin treatment before meals. This must be used together with a long-acting insulin and is not recommended for those who smoke or have lung diseases. It is available in a single dose cartridge but a premixed option is also available.

Alternatives to Insulin Injections

These alternatives are suitable for only a small number of diabetes patients:

  • Insulin Pump Therapy

Insulin Pump in man's hand

In this case, a small device that constantly pumps insulin into your bloodstream through a needle inserted under your skin. There has been amazing innovation in insulin pump technology with the ability to combine the pump with glucose sensing technology.

Glucose sensing helps patients gain more insights into their glucose response patterns and aids in tailoring insulin treatment to their response patterns.

These implantable sensors give real-time glucose value and communicate via wireless technology and provide a warning beep in case of a drop in sugar levels.

  • Islet Cell Transplant

Healthy insulin-producing cells are transplanted from a donor to help the patient produce his insulin.

  • Total Pancreas Transplant.

Some treatments, although rare require a pancreas transplant.

  • Other Forms of Treatment

Eat Healthily

When on insulin injections, you cannot skip meals or eat some unhealthy foods. Your blood sugar level can get dangerously low if you skip a meal. You will be given guidance on how and when to eat to stay healthy as you live with diabetes.

It is crucial to pay a little more attention to your meals and snacks more than those without diabetes. You must pay careful attention to what you eat and when you eat.

A diabetes patient should balance what they eat, the exercises taken and the amount of insulin injected. With time, the patient will know how to balance these and live a healthy life.

Every food type contains different levels of carbohydrates that will convert to blood glucose, hence the need to monitor what is eaten.

The diabetes care team will help with creating a meal plan to give you a balanced nutritious diet with an eye on the amount of glucose it can generate. The meal plans generally include breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks between the meals to keep your blood sugar level from dropping too much.

Regularly Checking Blood Sugar Level

It is important that a diabetes patient check their sugar level regularly. This will help in keeping the blood sugar level within a healthy range and to know if the meal plan is working.

It helps in reducing the health risks associated with type 1 diabetes. It is recommended that kids test their blood sugar levels at least four times a day.

Regular Exercises

Regular exercising is a crucial part of type 1 diabetes treatment. It helps keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range and reduce the risk of developing heart diseases associated with diabetes.

Vitamins and Minerals

When using alternative diabetes medication, use them together with other diabetes treatments. Consider proper diet, regular exercises and scheduled monitoring of your blood sugar to prevent complications.

  • Chromium

Has some effect on glucose metabolism and insulin use but there is no empirical evidence suggesting that it can treat diabetes. Some studies have shown that when biotin is used with chromium, there are some benefits to those suffering from diabetes.

  • Vitamins B6 and B12

These vitamins may help in treating diabetic nerve pain though there is no proof that they can help treat diabetes.

  • Vitamin C

With adequate levels of this vitamin, the body can maintain a healthy level of cholesterol and keep blood sugar under control. Too much vitamin C, on the other hand, can cause kidney stones among other health problems.

  • Lifestyle Changes

Once diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, it is crucial that the patient takes great care of his health to keep healthy. This will make it easy to treat the condition and minimize the risk of developing health problems.

One should eat a healthy and balanced diet and do regular exercises. For those who smoke, it imperative that you stop to reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Consider getting an eye screen every year to keep diabetic retinopathy at bay. Each person has a different treatment path to follow and one you get what works for your condition, it is easy to live a healthy life with the condition.

Once diagnosed with diabetes, it is a good idea to wear a MedicAlert bracelet. This will help make others aware of your condition and not mistake glycemic attack with drunkenness. The patient will get the right medical care immediately in case of emergencies.

Take good care of your teeth since diabetes can worsen gum diseases.

Final Point

It may seem a complicated task treating diabetes, however, with the right information and diligence in following the treatment plan, it is manageable. There are alternative type 1 diabetes treatment plans like herbal remedies and vitamin supplements.

These practices may work but are risky, especially if one departs from the treatment plans given by their doctors. It is important to consider the tested facts about diabetes before trying out anything new.