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Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

What Are Treatments For Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes diagnosis means you have to start treatment immediately in order to control your blood glucose levels.

There are many types of treatment for this condition, all of which are known to significantly improve the patient’s quality of life. Depending on your agreement with the physician, you can adopt the following forms of treatment to manage your type 2 diabetes.


This is the most common and well-known form of medication for the treatment of diabetes. Insulin therapy involves the injection of a powerful medication to lower blood glucose levels. The medication must be injected because of normal digestion interferes with oral intake.

Usually, the doctor will start a type 2 patient with a single shot administered at night. However, you might need multiple injections throughout the day depending on your needs.

There are several types of insulin: Apidra, Humalog, Lantus, Levemir, Novolog, and Humulin N-that work differently.

If you decide to go with insulin therapy, it is important to discuss all options with your doctor, carefully assessing the pros and cons of each before deciding on the best one for you.

In addition to the insulin, your doctor might recommend aspirin therapy, cholesterol-lowering, and blood pressure medication to prevent complications like heart disease.

Diabetic Medication

Medication in various colors Apart from insulin, you may opt for anti-diabetic medications that help to control blood glucose levels. Metformin is an oral medication commonly prescribed to type 2 diabetes patients with normal kidney function.

It reduces the amount of glucose made by the liver and also prevents other long-term effects of diabetes. Your physician might also recommend Alpha-glucose inhibitors which slow down the breakdown of carbs into the bloodstream.

Sulfonylureas are another type of diabetes medication that stimulates the pancreas to release insulin. Unfortunately, Sulfonylureas like Glucotrol and Glyburide can cause severe low blood sugar, skin rashes, and weight gain.

There are many more medications for type 2 diabetes so you must discuss all options with the doctor to determine the best one for you.

Diabetic Diet

Most people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are usually overweight which is why the doctor would recommend a diet change to promote weight loss. A low-calorie diet helps you lose extra pounds that make you insulin insensitive and make the condition even harder to manage.

The energy dense foods that we are already accustomed to aren’t ideal for a person suffering this condition and there is an urgent need to change eating habits. People with type 2 diabetes are generally advised to consume foods with a low glycemic index.

This means eating foods that don’t cause a rapid spike in blood sugar. You need to increase consumption of vegetables that have a low-calorie count and are a great source of fiber to help you stay fuller for longer.

There might not be a standard diet for type 2 diabetes but eating more fruits, veggies and whole grains is a great way to manage the condition. It is important to reduce your intake of sweets, refined carbs, and animal products as part of treatment.

Even if you are at a healthy weight when diagnosed, it is important to start eating clean and healthy in order to keep your glucose levels under control.

Making dietary changes may not be easy but you can work with a licensed dietician to help design a plan that perfectly fits your goals. They will teach you how to manage nutrients and choose meals that will stabilize your blood sugar.

Bariatric Surgery

Person Measuring Someone Waist LineFor some people, it is very difficult to control their weight gain by diet and physical activity so they opt for bariatric surgery. It is a type of surgery often performed on people with obesity, reducing the size of the stomach.

It could be done by cutting off a small portion of the stomach or use of a gastric band. With a smaller stomach, you will eat less, thereby losing excess weight that made it harder to control diabetes.

Physical Activity

People with type 2 diabetes must be physically active if they want to keep the symptoms at bay. An exercise routine of any form like running, walking, hitting the gym or swimming should be part of your daily regimen to help you manage your weight and keep your organs in top shape.

Alternative Medicine

If you opt for alternative/complementary therapies to treat type 2 diabetes, make sure your physician knows about your decision. While some therapies have been proven safe, others can be dangerous for the patient.

Acupuncture is one of the most popular forms of alternative medicine used in the treatment of this condition. It involves insertion of needles on specific parts of the skin. It is believed that this form of therapy is used to provide relief from acute pain by releasing the body’s natural painkillers.

Another technique is Biofeedback where a patient is made more aware of their body’s response to pain. It is a form of alternative medicine that emphasizes stress reduction and relaxation to help the patient deal better with pain.

It used guided imagery where a patient is encouraged to think of peaceful images to ease their pain.

Natural Alternatives

If you are not so keen on medication or acupuncture as a form of treatment for your condition, there are natural remedies that have been known to help. Ginseng is known to lower glucose levels after meals as well as in fasting.

While studies have been done to attest this fact, there is a serious debate as to how much is needed as the glucose-reducing compound varies drastically from one Ginseng plant to another.

A study into the abilities of aloe vera showed that the plant has some antidiabetic properties. It showed that aloe has an ability to lower blood glucose levels and increase insulin production by the pancreas.

Taken as a juice or capsule ale can indeed protect people with type 2 diabetes from further damage though scientists agree that more research is needed to know exactly how aloe works to control the condition.

Research also shows that there is more to cinnamon than its pleasant flavor. It helps control blood sugar levels, insulin levels, blood fat levels and also acts as an antioxidant. Anyone trying to treat type 2 diabetes can use cinnamon as their alternative to sugar with incredible benefits.

There are many herbs and plants including bitter melon, milk thistle, fenugreek and Gymnema that have been used to control blood sugar since the ancient days.

However, before you start consuming these by the lump sum, make sure to consult with your doctor. Plants are generally beneficial to overall health but for safety’s sake, make your doctor aware so that they may advise on the right amount to take.

Monitoring Blood Sugar

Regular blood sugar monitoring is very important for patients with type 2 diabetes. It helps in preventing complications and managing your treatment plan. Patients can self-test at home using a portable glucose meter that measures sugar levels in a small drop of blood.

For those taking insulin, you may be required to monitor blood sugar a few times a day. Make sure to keep a record of all results so you can be able to assess whether your treatment is working as it should.

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

Millions of people around the world are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes and while this is serious, there are many things we can do to prevent or at least delay its onset.

The best place to start is by managing your weight as research shows that overweight people are at greater risk. You can prevent weight gain by choosing a healthy diet and regular exercising.

Eating more vegetables, reducing your portions and increasing your water intake, are just some dietary changes that could help prevent these conditions.

Potato chips, fries, junk foods need to take a back seat if you want to avoid suffering this and other diseases as you grow older.

While exercising isn’t easy for many people, doctors and other experts on diabetes prevention say it is a must that we find a way of constantly moving to prevent serious health conditions like type 2 diabetes. You can walk, dance, jump rope, take the stairs or jog as you watch T.V. at home.

These are simple lifestyle changes that if taken seriously will help you prevent type 2 diabetes and other conditions that threaten to shorten your lifespan.

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