Studies show that 1.25 million Americans are living with type 1 diabetes. Among these, are over 200,000 youths under the age of 20 years and 1 million adults above 20 years.
T1D is so rampant that 40,000 people are diagnosed every year in the US while 5M more are expected to be diagnosed by 2050. Type 1 diabetes has also affected livelihoods as there are 14 billion lost incomes and healthcare expenditures associated with it.
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune illness that damages beta cells in the pancreas. These cells are responsible for the production of insulin. When this occurs, the body is unable to produce this hormone hence increased blood glucose.
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) develops when insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells mistakenly get damaged by your body’s immune system. The cause of this attack is not known as research is underway.
There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes and no cure for it although manageable. When diagnosed, the patient must start using insulin via injections or an insulin pump.
Type 1 diabetes was previously referred to as juvenile diabetes as it becomes commonly diagnosed in small children and teenagers.
However, adults are still at risk. The symptoms of diabetes appear rather abruptly; in days or weeks. It is therefore in your best interest that you report any of these symptoms as soon as they occur.
Sometimes, these symptoms may be mistaken for other illnesses, such as the flu. Only a blood sugar test can detect type 1 diabetes.